In written history, the usage of cannabis dates back to at least the third millennium BC.  However, restrictions began in the 19th century for various reasons. Cannabis was therefore used in the past primarily for recreational purposes. It was also used medicinally and for spiritual goals as well.

     The 13th- 17th Century

Around 1320 CE, smoking pipes were uncovered in Ethiopia, having traces of cannabis. Arab traders then migrated cannabis to the Mozambique coast of Africa. After the introduction of tobacco, smoking became common in the old world during the 15th century.

It later became popularly used by the South African- Khoisan and Bantu people, before Europeans settling at the Cape in 1652. In 1798, Napoleon Bonaparte’s troops found a liking to cannabis after the absence of alcohol in Egypt; it being an Islamic country. Despite cannabis usage, Soudon Sheikouni, the Emir of the Joneima in Arabia, was the world’s first to outlaw its usage across his Jurisdiction.

Adrianampoinimerina, Madagascar’s king, also implemented capital punishment as a penalty for anyone using cannabis in 1787, throughout the Merina Kingdom.

The 18th – 20th century

In the early 1800s, Cannabis was then introduced to Brazil by African slaves and the Portuguese colonists. They intended to cultivate hemp fiber. However, due to African slaves’ knowledge of cannabis, they used it psychoactively hence making it prohibited in 1830 by the Municipal Council of Rio de Janeiro, and punishment to users.

Jacques- Joseph Moreau, a French physician, wrote on the physiological effects of using cannabis during his travel in North Africa and the Middle East in 1836-1840. Moreover, in 1842, William Brooke O’Shaughenessy, an Irish physician, brought a quantity of cannabis with him on his return to Britain while working as a medical officer in Bengal.

Also, due to the result of the British practice of transporting Indian indentured workers, there was a long spread of cannabis practices that led to a ban in Mauritius in 1840. The long-range also led to banning in British Singapore due to Indian laborer’s users in 1870. Criminalizing cannabis in British India began in 1871 and 1877.

By 1879, several countries in the Islamic world and its periphery finally banned cannabis. In 1894, The Indian Hemp Drug Commission concluded that” the injury from habitual moderate use of cannabis is not permanent. However, its reasonable use practically produces no ill effects”. Restrictions on the sale of cannabis began in 1906 in the United States. Moreover, with the support of the white ruling class and the Council of Evangelical Churches of Jamaica, cannabis was banned with the Ganja law. Followed by the banning as well in 1913, in South Africa, 1922, in the United Kingdom and New Zealand, Canada as well criminalized cannabis before any reports of the use of the drug.

In the early 1920s to the late 20th century, many countries restricted cannabis in their countries. Despite the restrictions, some countries embraced cannabis usage. i.e., Poland classified it as a narcotic drug in 1951. Cannabis attracted renewed interests mainly as medicine during the 1970s and 1980s. Other countries as well began to change their approaches to cannabis.

The Netherlands was the first country to legalize cannabis. Uruguay then followed in 2015, to legalize recreational cannabis, Canada following in 2018 and South Africa in 2018 for personal use after the bill passed by the House of Commons.


1. Booth,  M.(2015). Cannabis: A History.St Martin’s Press.

2. Robert C. Clarke, Mark. D. Merlin(1 September 2013). Cannabis: Evolution and Ethnology

Kenya Gazette 15 October 1913

Uses of Cannabis during Corona virus

Use of bhang has been heavily criticized by many people. This is because its abuse has been so rampant than especially among the youths. People have knocked it down to an extend that they have developed a myth on it that every person seen wandering aimlessly in the streets and due to one reason or another, they have run mad, it is thought that they are victims of uncontrolled long use of bhang. This tells how people have developed negative ideology on the narcotic drug. Amid a quite notable number of disadvantages of consuming marijuana, there is consequently many uses of it. Mostly, weed is regarded for its medical benefits. There are many uses of cannabis that gives its fame. It is normal for a doctor to recommend bhang to a patient. Many people. However, forget that bhang under prescription is always regulated. A patient is required to produce a letter issued by a medical practitioner to be issued with the dosages medical importance of marijuana include the following:

It stimulates appetite and reduces severe pain

Marijuana is mostly recommended medically for people who are to go through chemotherapy. These people suffer from acute pain, painful vomiting and more especially loss of appetite. These are mainly cancer patients who go through chemotherapy. Weed is recommended to relieve pain.

It improves lung health and disarms effects of carcinogen

According to research, marijuana increases lung capacity and improves lung functions. Practically, when a person smokes bhang, they do it in large puffs. This increases the surface area of the lungs to accommodate large amounts of smoke. This therefore increases the volume of the chest cavity which holds the lungs, and in turn, the lungs get used to containing large amounts of an air and hence its function is improved

Helps curb nightmares

Patients in the hospital who go through nightmares could be assisted by smoking weed This is because the bhang interrupts the sleeping patterns. Sometimes, people may not sleep at all. This ensures that the time when the nightmares occur is interrupted hence, they do not occur.

Psychological traumatization

Cannabis lessens brain bruising. This is after a person becomes traumatized. Nowadays, especially with the outbreak of Corona virus, many people are in risk of becoming mentally disturbed. For example, when a whole family bid being suspected of contracting the virus and are all taken to the quarantine centers, they are likely to be shocked in fear of dying from the life-claiming infection. It triggers extensive sensations of trauma to the brain cells which may not be able to counteract them. To curb this effect, medical practitioners recommend marijuana to their patients. These works best because weed users never get disturbed even when it is contingent. They are always excited hence their brains are ever relaxed.

It is clear that cannabis has many uses over a person’s health. This tells how beneficial it is when it comes to curing or preventing some infections.


Pay day loans, also known as cash advance, post-dated cheque, cheque advance or deferred deposit loans are a short-term loan that are usually characterised by high interest rates and low-balances. The loans are usually borrowed on a cheque that is then cashed on the borrowers pay day salary. Consumers generally use them as a source of quick and easy cash that they can use while they wait for their pay day to arrive. Pay day loans are often usually charged at usury rates. These are interest rates that are often staggeringly higher than the agreed upon market interest rate of a specific country. Usury rates are charged most often on unsecured loans by small and medium private lenders. These rates are usually considered illegal in most countries at they often manipulate and swindle low income, non-informed and unsuspecting borrowers. Because these loans are generally designed to be simple, quick and easy to get, their qualification requirements are usually a lot easy as well. According to the most financial regulatory authorities around the world, the main requirements set up for these loans are usually as follows: 

A borrower must have an active financial account- The way payday loans work is that a borrower approaches a pay day lender and asks for a certain amount of funds. After ascertaining their eligibility, the lender calculates the appropriate amount of lending fees chargeable on the amount the borrower is asking for. The borrower then writes a cheque for the total loan amount and the lending fees and then gives it to the lender to be cashed on a due date that is after the borrower’s pay day. When the pay day arrives, the borrower can pay off the loan or allow the lender to cash in the cheque on the post-pay day date put on the cheque.  As a result, one must therefore have an active financial account from where they can write cheques and where a lender can cash in the cheque. 

A borrower must provide proof of income- The loan itself is called a payday loan, which means that a borrower who intends to take up the loan must have a source of income from which he expects to be paid on certain date. Therefore, should the borrower fail to pay up the loan himself, the lender can then cash in the cheque from the borrower’s account. A source of income is therefore one of the major requirements. 

A borrower must have proper and valid identification documents- It goes withot saying that in order for any financial transaction to take place, a borrower must have an identification document. This shows the lender that the account they are about to transact in actually belongs to them and that they are not committing any ats of fraud or misrepresentation. 

A borrower must be 18 and above- the last requirement is also a general, internationally recognised requirement; that one must have attained the age of 18 and above, no financial transactions or contracts can be entered itno with a person who is not yet an adult. 

These are some of the requirements one has t meet in order to qualify for a pay day loan. 

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Notable Ways How thc use affects driving!

Many countries around the world have now legalized marijuana for medical and recreational use online Cannabis from Peak420 Therefore, more people have access to its main compound, THC. This psychoactive chemical has immense effects on both your Central Nervous System (CNS) and your muscular system. Thus, it can be very dangerous to drive while under the influence of THC. Here is How thc use affects driving today. 
Effects of THC as you drive 

THC directly infuses into your brain. Here, it affects sectors such as the amygdala and hippocampus. By doing so, it affects your ability to make clear decisions. THC can increase distractive thoughts in your mind. It impedes your ability to judge distance and time. This can prove disastrous as you drive. This is because time and distance are of supreme importance for safety purposes.  

Memory loss 
THC affects your ability to remember. It causes the brain to experience major challenges in recalling thoughts and memories. As a responsible driver, it is always advisable to remember the rules of the road. With THC impeding this ability, you are more likely to break traffic rules and cause accidents. In addition, THC prevents your brain from creating new memories rapidly. This can make it difficult for you to think quickly when handling tricky road situations. As such, you are more likely to have an accident due to how thc use affects driving. 

Slow reaction 
When you are driving, it is important to react very quickly to changing road conditions. THC slows down the passing of messages from your nerves to the muscles. In doing so, it makes your reactions slower. This could prove fatal if you had to apply the emergency brake. A second too slow can result in a grisly accident.  

Blurred vision 
One of the most pronounced effects of THC is the dilation of the blood vessels in your eyeballs. This causes the eyes to become swollen and red in color. This can lead to dehydration of the cornea. As a result, your vision becomes blurred. It is very important for a driver to have a clear vision at all times. THC can prevent this from being the case. Therefore, it is dangerous to drive with THC in your system. 

THC is one of the few drug substances that can act as both a stimulant and a depressant. In the first few minutes after consumption, THC stimulates the body’s systems. This makes you perform well. However, it quickly transforms into a depressant. It slows down your body’s systems and makes you slow. It can even cause drowsiness. This is very dangerous for a driver.  

It is always advisable to avoid driving under the influence of drugs. THC is one of the most dangerous drugs to have in your system while driving. Above are some of the ways How thc use affects driving.

What You Really Need To Know About Synthetic Marijuana

Any kind of addict might not realize that they are one until it is too late. This is what most people fail to understand when dealing with drug addicts especially. Most people treat them as if they are aware of their problems. It is for this reason that most quests to deal with addiction bear no fruits. You should carry out an extensive amount of research so that you approach this situation in the right manner. To ensure your efforts are rewarding, avoid the following when dealing with a synthetic marijuana addict:

  1. Expecting quick results – you should know that recovering from drug addiction cannot happen overnight. It is a process that comprises of steps that must be covered critically. For instance, beginning without identifying the cause of addiction might be of negative impact to final outcomes. This is because the process design is determined by the problem cause. Additionally, the addict is expected to change their mindset in terms of using synthetic marijuana so that they can stay away from it in the long-run. Rushing them might lead to results that will not last for a long period of time.  
  2. Being harsh – being angry at an addict because of their bad behavior will not aid the situation. It will make them resist any attempts to help them recover. They need someone who is easily approachable. Such a person opens doors for communication so that the addict is able to share their fears. This way, both parties can work collaboratively to come up with long-lasting solutions. You should, therefore, avoid showing your frustrations so that the addict does not end up being defensive. 
  3. Setting a time limit – this is not a business scenario where you can set time limits in terms of customer share and profits. Drug addiction involves a person’s life and should be treated with care. If you set a poor limit, and the addict is still unable to stay away from synthetic marijuana, this might lower their morale. Most people set time limits with reference to drug addicts who have recovered in the past. It is, however, very important to understand that every situation is different. If you have to set time limits, ensure that they are realistic and attainable. Also, make sure you consult professionals to avoid getting frustrated if goals are not met.
  4. Failing to take care of yourself – it is possible to get caught up in the addict and forget about your own needs. In order to offer the necessary assistance, you have to be in a good position both physically and emotionally. If you realize that your ability to be of help has been compromised, do not be afraid to ask for help. Remember that whatever energy is released, will be transferred to the synthetic marijuana addict you are trying to help. 

For a synthetic marijuana addict to recover completely, make sure that the part you play in this process is not characterized by the mistakes explained above. Be ready for any outcome from the very beginning. If challenges present themselves, do not be afraid to face them. Finally, do not shy away from asking for help. 

Dental Insurance Re-Written In Trump Era

Benefits of a family dentist

Home dentist refers to individual person who are in a position of giving proper treatments when it comes to tooth aching right at individuals premises or in set clinic upon booking. Problems related to teeth should always be handled by competent people who can always give the very best without damaging other nerves and teeth. It is thus important to seek medical consultation whenever there are such problems to any member of the family. There are a number Kesteven Dental Langely of benefits that one can receive from having a home dentist today and they include the following below.

Saving on time. It is easy to safe time with a home dentist. This is seen in the sense that; the individual concerned will make a commitment with the dentist and a date will be agreed on when to go for the medical checks. This helps one in saving time when one would start a process of going to find a doctor who can cater for such cases. It is advisable to have home dentist who will always serve such purpose hence help in saving one’s time for other activities.

Cost effective People who deal with personal dentists or rather home Dentistry  usually have an advantage when it comes to cost. The reason being that they are always charged different from other patients since they are regular customers. They too have a sense of great bond unlike it is with a new patient. At times, home dentist will waver some cost for their customers as a way of promoting them and encouraging them to keep in touch as well as to bring them more customers in the future.

Security. One is completely assured of better services with homme dentist. This is because; one is dealing with person who is well known for good and quality services at the end. Therefore, there is no chance of risking with people who work with home dentist. They are always assured of getting services that are of standard according to the age of the individuals. Working with such people is quite fascinating and more effective than having to take time to go searching for dentist each time a problem has a risen.

Experienced and knowledgeable professionals. It I true to say that all home dentist is experienced and skilled. They have all it takes to give proper and right form of medication. This is not the case with people who do not value such experts since they are not guaranteed for the services given by a certain individual. it is necessary to therefore take note of home dentist at all cost since they are set to safe one a great deal. They too will help one in gaining knowledge of handling things since one has humble time while seeking medication for proper and length discussion.

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